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Modern European History
History of Europe

  Historians tend to divide the study of history into "relatively distinct" or "relatively manageable" periods or epochs.

Examples being:-

The Early and the Late "Classical Age" - Of Ancient Greece and Rome

The Early and the High "Middle Age" - Of Europe

The Period of the Renaissance - Sometimes styled as The Renaissance and Reformation Era

Early Modern European History and then, more recently,

Modern Europe History and

Contemporary European History

The modern european history specialists tend to concern themselves particularly with the course of European history after the onset of the French Revolution in 1789 and continue into nineteenth century European History until circa 1914.

Thus those interested in Modern European History epoch in the history of europe have a great deal to consider.

There was an Age of Revolutions. The initial French Revolutionary turmoils were succeeded by Napoleonic Wars. A peace established in 1815 was followed by a limited spate of revolution in 1830 and a more dramatic upsurge of Revolution across most of continental Europe in 1848.
Politically fragmented territories such as the Italian Peninsula and the German Confederation were both integrated by 1871. These integrations resulted in the establishment of a Kingdom of Italy and of a German Empire.

The was an Age of Liberalism after circa 1830 where "liberal" policies seemed to gain sway in the form of the awardance of Constitutions or through Parliamentary or other reforms.
In "liberal" states governments, often under popular pressure, tended to interest themselves in public education, public health and sanitation, regulation of the conditions of employment, economic development and in extensions of the franchise.

We maintain a series of pages that attempt to consider many of these topics. You may be interested in finding a series of links to relevant pages further down this page:-

Introductory quotations
"Central" mysticism insights
"Other" spiritual wisdom
"Central" poetry insights
"Other" poetry wisdom
1 The European Revolution of 1848 begins
A broad outline of the background to the onset of the turmoils and a consideration of some of the early events.

2 The French Revolution of 1848
A particular focus on France - as an Austrian foreign minister said "When France sneezes Europe catches a cold".

3 The Revolution of 1848 in the German Lands and central Europe
"Germany" had a movement for a single parliament in 1848 and many central European would-be "nations" attempted to assert a distinct existence separate from the dynastic sovereignties they had been living under.

4 The "Italian" Revolution of 1848
A "liberal" Papacy after 1846 helps allow the embers of an "Italian" national aspiration to rekindle across the Italian Peninsula.

5 The Monarchs recover power 1848-1849
Some instances of social and political extremism allow previously pro-reform conservative elements to support the return of traditional authority. Louis Napoleon, (who later became the Emperor Napoleon III), attains to power in France offering social stability at home but ultimately follows policies productive of dramatic change in the wider European structure of states and their sovereignty.
Italian Unification - Cavour, Garibaldi and
the Unification of Risorgimento Italy
Otto von Bismarck &
The wars of German unification
Italian unification map
Risorgimento Italy
Map of German unification
The Ems Telegram
The Zimmermann Telegram
President Woodrow Wilson
Fourteen Points Speech
Lenin's New Economic Policy
European Union Integration

Return to start of
Modern European History
History of Europe page