|unconcious mind freud repression psychoanalysis
|Home > Psychology Index > The unconcious mind|
The unconcious mindThe possibility that people have an unconcious mind aspect to their psychologies has a long history of support amongst psychologists and philosophers.
Two of the more prominent of the psychological thinkers and theorists who proposed the recognition of an unconcious mind being Sigmund Freud and Karl Gustav Jung.
For Freud the unconcious mind was principally a reservoir of repression in the form of repressed memories of traumatic experiences and also repressed socially unacceptable ideas, wishes or desires. Freud held that this reservoir of repression could act, in ways unconcious to the concious mind of the individual concerned, to affect how an individual subsequently behaved or how an individual felt comfortable whilst behaving.
People might be reluctant to explicitly face the socially unacceptable impulses or traumatic events that they had psychologically repressed but through psychoanalysis, with the aid of therapists acting as mediators, individuals might be helped by faciltating them in facing their repressions allowing what was hidden in revealing itself.
Freud held that unconscious thoughts not directly accessible to ordinary introspection could be interpreted by special methods and techniques such as random association and dream analysis as tested and conducted during psychoanalysis. People might also make verbal slips, of a sort now widely known as Freudian slips, that could reveal something of their underlying psychology.
Jung's theorisings were largely based on a period of intense self-analysis, later made a distinction between the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The individual unconscious could be seen as the set of repressed feelings and thoughts experienced and developed during an individual person's lifetime. The collective unconscious could be seen as the set of inherited and typical modes of expression, feeling, thought, and memory that were seemingly innate to all human beings.
Jung saw the collective unconscious as being made up of so-called "archetypes". These archetypes being potentialities, or proclivities, that can find a channel of expression in the finding of a mate, religion, art, myth, and even in the eventual facing of death.
An idea of potential or proclivity, of an unconcious expression of individual Humanity composed of such aspects as honesty, manhood and good fellowship is hinted at by Shakespeare when he writes:-
There's neither honesty, manhood, nor good fellowship in thee.It is widely known that Plato, pupil of and close friend to Socrates, accepted that Human Beings have a " Tripartite Soul " where individual Human Psychology is composed of three aspects - Wisdom-Rationality, Spirited-Will and Appetite-Desire.
What is less widely appreciated is that such major World Faiths as Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism see "Spirituality" as being relative to "Desire" and to "Wrath" as these brief excerpts from Hindu scriptures illustrate:-
In the Bhagavad Gita we read -
The Holy One spoke.
Bhagavad Gita 3: 36- 37
and again -
He who even here, ere he is freed from the body, can resist
the impulse of lust and wrath, he is devout; he is
Bhagavad Gita 5: 22-26
"...man is a bundle of relations, a knot of roots, whose
flower and fruitage is the world..." Ralph Waldo Emerson